What is work stress?
What is work stress?
Stress is a physiological and psychological response of our body in relation to something that has happened, or that will happen, that makes us feel anxious, threatened, worried or frustrated and that, in some way, disturbs our balance.
Our days go by. Between the alarm clock that doesn't let us sleep the hours we should, the traffic to get to work, deadlines, meetings, presentations, children, household chores, the cell phone always ringing... little time is left to take care of ourselves. Many people can't organize themselves in a way to manage their time well and others just can't handle everything they have to do.
The importance of management of day-to-day stress is a topic that has been increasingly addressed. It is proven that constant stress reduces the quality of life and increases the risk of contracting cardiovascular diseases, among many others.
Stress at work, in turn, is harmful to the health of workers and ends up affecting the company's productivity.
According to APSEI (Portuguese Security Association), “the individual feels stress at work when he/she realizes that there is an imbalance between the demands imposed on him/her and the physical and mental resources available to him/her to give them an answer.”
This phenomenon is positive to some extent. At an early stage, stress is not harmful because it is our body's response to a stimulus. It's our way of dealing with new situations and telling ourselves that we need to act. We all have occasional stressful moments at work - a job interview or an important presentation. The danger begins when these moments are no longer occasional and become very frequent and prolonged in time.
Data in the European Union say that about 50% of the population suffers from stress in the workplace. With the covid-19 pandemic and the consequent mandatory teleworking, Linkedin carried out a study that concludes that this regime left workers 62% more stressed and anxious. But how to recognize the causes? We give some examples:
- Authoritarian leadership and unclear about responsibilities;
- Low salary;
- Unachievable goals;
- Career stagnation;
- Lack of collaboration and coordination;
- Constant changes in the company structure;
- Harassment, intimidation or discrimination;
- Workplace transfer;
- Bad atmosphere within the team;
- Lack of communication;
- Constant pressure from above;
- Excessive competitiveness;
Stress at work can have very different symptoms, varying from person to person. It is important to know what they are so that we can identify them. Some of the physical symptoms are:
- Muscle pain;
- High voltage;
- Changes in the digestive system;
- Decreased immunity;
- Excessive fatigue;
- Chest pain;
On an emotional level, the symptoms are:
- Mood changes;
- Difficulty relaxing and concentrating;
- Social isolation;
- Sense of overload;
If you have any of the problems discussed above, try to find out what causes them. This is an important step towards your resolution. In the next article we will give you suggestions for dealing with and fighting stress at work.Watch out!
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